Melatonin is an organic chemical compound - a tryptophan derivative that acts as a 'sleep hormone' in the human body. It is produced in the pineal gland, more specifically in special cells called pinealocytes. Melatonin is somewhat related to another important neurohormone - serotonin. In the course of several chemical reactions, serotonin turns into melatonin when needed (and the conditions are right). The production of melatonin is inhibited by light.
The best known function of melatonin is the regulation of biological rhythms - seasonal and circadian. This means that melatonin in the form of a supplement is not a typical 'sleep pill' - it does not calm down, it does not cause excessive sleepiness. However, it makes it easier to fall asleep physiologically. It also helps to establish a fixed sleep hour, with regular use - it should be treated as a signal for the body that the sleep hour is approaching.
Melatonin can also be used in shift work - when you need to go to sleep at unusual hours, or when 'hours are moved' in the case of the Jet Lag phenomenon.
Melatonin is a powerful antioxidant - it reduces oxidative stress and thus prevents cellular extractions. This is extremely important for the Central Nervous System, where it occurs in the largest amounts - it prevents damage to neurons and stops neurodegenerative diseases.
The use of melatonin has no side effects. It does not cause addiction, which is characteristic of hypnotics (even the most modern ones). It is worth to use melatonin in the long term in order to accustom the body to a specific sleep time and additionally draw on its advantages related to the neutralization of free radicals. Supplement especially recommended for people over 40, when melatonin production drops sharply.
1 capsule 30 minutes before bedtime.